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Bring awareness to the environmental crisis facing India, and its economic and social  impact on rural and farming communities

Promote and support solutions to rural hunger and poverty in India via sustainable organic farming and biodiversity conservation and to protect and preserve indigenous knowledge.

Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 41 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition

Agrochemicals are used in farming to make crops grow more quickly and to kill insects and weeds. Agrochemicals are responsible for killing farmers, fish, helpful insects, plants, birds, and animals that are exposed to the poisons in these chemicals. Soil that is exposed to agrochemicals also becomes unhealthy. When you eat plants that have been sprayed with agrochemicals, you also eat the agrochemicals.


Also called biological diversity, biodiversity is the great number of different species of plants and animals.

Aliases (separate with |): Biodiversity
Biological Pollution

Biological pollution is the movement of living organisms, either accidentally or intentionally, from the places where they evolved to new environments where a lack of natural enemies permits their population to explode.

Aliases (separate with |): Biological Pollution

Biopiracy is the act of exploiting indigenous knowledge of nature for commercial gain with no compensation to the indigenous people themselves.

Aliases (separate with |): Biopiracy

Bioprospecting is the search for plants or animals from which commercially valuable products can be obtained.

Aliases (separate with |): Bioprospecting

Biotechnology uses biological technology to move or change the genes or DNA inside a plant or animal. It can be used to make a plant more resilient to certain weather conditions, like droughts or floods, or to make high-yielding crop varieties. Biotechnology is also called genetic engineering.

Aliases (separate with |): Biotechnology

Capitalism is an economic and political system in which a country’s industry and trade are controlled by private owners rather than the state.

Aliases (separate with |): Capitalism

• The process of forming a cell culture starting from a single, self multiplying cell. • The culture thus contains cells with identical characteristics • Each of these cells can then be used to mass propagate new plants through tissue culture

Aliases (separate with |): CLONING

Colonisation is the process of a dominant ideology imposing economic, political and social values on other societies through the exploitation of human and natural resources.

Aliases (separate with |): Colonisation

Cross-pollination occurs when pollen from one plant is mixed with the pollen of a similar plant, in order to create a new plant. It happens in nature, and can also be done by people. Cross-pollination can occur between genetically modified organisms and non-GMOs, which can be dangerous because we do not know the long-term effects of this process.

Aliases (separate with |): Cross-pollinate

An ecosystem is a biological community of interacting and interdependent organisms and their physical environment.

Aliases (separate with |): Ecosystem

• Perennial and sustainable • Sometimes called ‘landraces’ of ‘germplam’ terms which don’t acknowledge farmers have made towards their evolution through selection. • Have also derogatoriy been called ‘primitive cultivars’ in contrast to ‘elite cultivars’ evolved by scientists . • Farmers varieties are also referred to as indigenous seeds, native seeds, organic seeds, heirloom seeds and heritage seeds, jawari, nate, desi, etc.

Aliases (separate with |): FARMERS’ VARIETY
Free trade

Free trade is a system of trade policy that allows traders to act and or transact without interference from the government. Free trade can cause small governments to lose the power to make their own environmental and social laws. This means that transnational corporations could gain even more power.

Aliases (separate with |): Free trade
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (

The GATTs were talks between the governments of different countries to make it easier to buy and sell goods between them. The GATT talks began in 1947 and ended in 1995. GATT was followed by the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The GATT was a platform for promoting unrestrained economic control and monopolisation of bio-diverse commons.

Aliases (separate with |): General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Genetic Engineering (GE)

Genetic engineering is the direct human manipulation of an organism’s genetic material in a way that does not occur under natural conditions.

Aliases (separate with |): Genetic Engineering (GE)
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