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G | FON Glossary

Our Mission

Bring awareness to the environmental crisis facing India, and its economic and social  impact on rural and farming communities

Promote and support solutions to rural hunger and poverty in India via sustainable organic farming and biodiversity conservation and to protect and preserve indigenous knowledge.

Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 41 entries in this glossary.
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All A B C E F G H I K L M N O R T
Term Definition
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (

The GATTs were talks between the governments of different countries to make it easier to buy and sell goods between them. The GATT talks began in 1947 and ended in 1995. GATT was followed by the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The GATT was a platform for promoting unrestrained economic control and monopolisation of bio-diverse commons.

Aliases (separate with |): General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
Genetic Engineering (GE)

Genetic engineering is the direct human manipulation of an organism’s genetic material in a way that does not occur under natural conditions.

Aliases (separate with |): Genetic Engineering (GE)
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

A genetically modified organism is a plant, animal, or bacterium that has been changed by scientists so that its genes are different, or genes from another plant, animal or bacterium have been added to it.

Aliases (separate with |): Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Global South

The term Global South was originally simply a general description of what was formerly referred to as the Third World, which is primarily in the Southern Hemisphere. Countries comprising the Global South are less economically powerful than those comprising the Global North.

Aliases (separate with |): Global South
Globalisation

Globalisation is the spread of information, business, culture and technology around the world, often through large companies, television, film, and the internet. Global trade agreements like the GATT made it easier to for transnational corporations to sell their goods in many countries, while making it more difficult for local people to sell their goods. Globalisation therefore reduces the control that people have over their culture and way of life.

Aliases (separate with |): Globalisation
Green Revolution

The Green Revolution was a process of agricultural industrialisation through the spread of high-yielding hybrid crop varieties, which needed high doses of chemical fertilisers, pesticides, herbicides and irrigation in order to produce increased yields.

Aliases (separate with |): Green Revolution

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