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Glossary of terms used on this site

There are 41 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

A genetically modified organism is a plant, animal, or bacterium that has been changed by scientists so that its genes are different, or genes from another plant, animal or bacterium have been added to it.

Aliases (separate with |): Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)
Global South

The term Global South was originally simply a general description of what was formerly referred to as the Third World, which is primarily in the Southern Hemisphere. Countries comprising the Global South are less economically powerful than those comprising the Global North.

Aliases (separate with |): Global South

Globalisation is the spread of information, business, culture and technology around the world, often through large companies, television, film, and the internet. Global trade agreements like the GATT made it easier to for transnational corporations to sell their goods in many countries, while making it more difficult for local people to sell their goods. Globalisation therefore reduces the control that people have over their culture and way of life.

Aliases (separate with |): Globalisation
Green Revolution

The Green Revolution was a process of agricultural industrialisation through the spread of high-yielding hybrid crop varieties, which needed high doses of chemical fertilisers, pesticides, herbicides and irrigation in order to produce increased yields.

Aliases (separate with |): Green Revolution

Herbicides are substances that are toxic to plants, and are used to destroy unwanted vegetation like weeds. Selective herbicides are meant to kill specific targets while leaving the desired crop relatively unharmed.

Aliases (separate with |): Herbicide

• The first generation seeds(F1) produced from crossing two genetically dissimilar parent species. • It is uneconomical to sae and repalnt the progeny of these seeds as the next generations give much lower yields • The technique of hybridization is much like biologically patenting a seed. No one else, neither the farmer nor a rival company can produce exactly similar seeds unless the parent lines, which are the seed company’s secret • Hybrid seeds are generally called sarkar beej.

Aliases (separate with |): HIGH YIELD VARIETIES ( HYVs)

A hybrid plant or animal has genes from two different species, and has been bred to have particular characteristics.

Aliases (separate with |): Hybrid
Indigenous knowledge

Indigenous knowledge is information and understanding that local people have about the place in which they live and their language and culture.

Aliases (separate with |): Indigenous knowledge
Instrumental value

Instrumental value is the practical worth of an idea or resource.

Aliases (separate with |): Instrumental value
Intellectual diversity

Intellectual diversity is the great number of different types of knowledge and ways of acquiring that knowledge.

Aliases (separate with |): Intellectual diversity
Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property can be ideas, knowledge or information that belongs to a person or a company. Intellectual Property is created by the mind; it is not material. It is protected under laws called patents. If someone uses patented knowledge without the owner’s permission, they can be be fined or sued in court. To take out a patent, you need to pay. Big companies can afford these costs to protect their technology and research, but most indigenous knowledge is not protected by patents because they are so expensive.

Aliases (separate with |): Intellectual Property
Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)

Under intellectual property laws, owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets, like artistic works; discoveries and inventions; and words, phrases, symbols and designs.

Aliases (separate with |): Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)
Intrinsic value

Intrinsic value is the permanent and inherent worth of an idea or resource, separate to its monetary price.

Aliases (separate with |): Intrinsic value
Knowledge systems

Knowledge systems are sets of connected facts, information, and skills acquired by a person or a group of people through experience or education.

Aliases (separate with |): Knowledge systems
Life sciences

Life sciences are the sciences concerned with living organisms.

Aliases (separate with |): Life sciences
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